London Sight Seeing Guides
The Anglo-Saxons initially avoided the immediate vicinity of the ruined city. In the later seventh Century they founded west of the settlement Lundenwic that belonged first to the Kingdom of Mercia, later the Kingdom of Essex. Under the leadership of Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, conquered the Anglo-Saxons in the year 878, the area along the Thames estuary by the Danes back. In subsequent years, the area within the Roman city wall was repopulated. The newly created town called Lund, PA.
1066 the Normans conquered England and London replaced Winchester as the capital. The new ruler William I confirmed the special rights of London. Richard the Lionheart in 1189 appointed the first Lord Mayor (Mayor), who was elected from 1215 of the increasingly powerful merchant guilds themselves. 1209 was the first built of stone bridge, completed the London Bridge, which was until 1750 the only bridge in the city center today. London had to endure several times plundered by rebel peasant armies, such as 1381 during the Peasants’ Revolt and 1450 during the Jack Cade rebellion.
In the War of the Roses, who went in 1485 with the crowning of Henry Tudor as Henry VII to the end, the city held the party of York. The Reformation broke the power of the Church, which had previously held about half of the land, the redistribution of church property in 1535 initiated an era of economic growth and London rose to a leading commercial city.
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