Guide of London
London suffered in its checkered history, some setbacks. After the 16th Century, the founding of the first large trading companies and the Royal Exchange’s economic growth had pushed forward, the city was devastated in 1664 and 1665 of the “Great Plague”, which claimed over 70,000 lives. In September 1666 devastated the “Great Fire of London,” much of the city. About 13,000 homes and 89 churches fell victim to the flames.
The city was rebuilt after the devastating fire. Plans for a major overhaul failed because of the high costs, so the new houses were built primarily along the old narrow streets. Responsible for the reconstruction was the architect Christopher Wren. As a result, almost all the noble residents moved definitively away from the old city and had built in the upcoming West End prestigious new homes. East End were relegated to the poorest people who had to make a living in the growing port. End of the 17th Century London rose on the most important financial center in the world.
During the 18th Century London grew beyond the historical boundaries. New bridges over the Thames enabled the expansion of the city to the south. In June 1780, London was the scene of the Gordon Riots, when fanatical Protestants against the equal rights of Catholics to defend themselves.
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